The main content of the EYFS system
The British education community believes that it is obviously more valuable to teach children how to communicate than to teach the so-called real and correct knowledge. Educators and children should not be immature relationships between protectors and proteges but should form a relationship based on friendship, spontaneous and full of exploration.
The British government is proposed to establish an early childhood education system with the aim of giving parents the best choice and giving young children the best start. The Ministry of Education has set up a special survey since 2000. It lasted 12 years and cost more than 15 million pounds. More than 7,000 experts, scholars and teachers involved in the research work and conducted surveys in more than 20 countries around the world. Three thousand children from 3 to 11 years old from various preschool educational institutions have been involved in the long-term follow-up studies. A total of 45,000 relevant consultation documents were issued during this period, confirming that early education at the age of 0-5 years can more effectively promote the development of pupils.
作为有史以来最大规模的早期教育跟踪及效果评估项目之一，EYFS在2008年9月起被正式纳入英格兰《儿童保育法案》(Childcare Act 2006)，在法律框架下形成了EYFS幼儿教育方案，以此促进0-5岁学前儿童早教水平，促进幼儿发展，为幼儿未来学习和生活打下坚实的基础。
EYFS is one of the largest early education performance track and evaluation projects in history. EYFS was formally incorporated into the Childcare Act 2006 in England from September 2008. That formed the EYFS Early Childhood Education Program under the legal framework in order to promote the level of preschool education for children aged 0-5 years. Then it will also promote the development of children and lay a solid foundation for children's future study and life.
Regarding to the scientific research conducted by experts on early education methods, EYFS has established 28 early education goals and 117 evaluation criteria. The EYFS Early Learning System covers learning in all areas of early childhood development. It consists of seven major areas of study:
1. 沟通、语言和文字(communication and language)
2. 身体的发展(physical development)
3. 个人、社会和情感发展(personal, social and emotional development)
6. 对世界的理解(understanding the world)
7. 表现力和艺术设计(expressive arts and design)
In short, EYFS aims to provide a system for children aged 0-5 to develop and learn continuously. Therefore, they can have better development opportunities in their lives.
Under this purpose, EYFS's curriculum is mainly composed of pleasant and challenging games, emphasising the participation of children, attenting children's interests and achievements and developing children's potentials in all aspects through multiple, interrelated modules. For example, EYFS will conduct purposeful curriculum based on children of different ages so that children can be prepared to learn how to learn, how to make friends and play, know their needs and express their own ideas.
The developers of EYFS believe that respecting the child's personality + active and positive relationship + environment where stimulate ability can bring learning and growth to children.
The Theoretical Basis and Characteristics of EYFS
EYFS体系以著名的意大利蒙台梭利 (Maria Montessori) 教育理念和实践为基础，融合了当今世界上20多种先进的教育理论、研究和实践。
The EYFS system is based on the famous Italian Montessori educational philosophy and practice. It integrated more than 20 advanced educational theories, researches and practices around the world today.
这其中还包括瑞吉欧 (Reggio Emilio) 强调成人的儿童观及成人期望重要性的理念、德国史代纳 (Rudolf Steiner) 的华德福 (Waldorf) 理念、美国的高赡教育 (High Scope)，以及福禄倍尔 (Friedrich Fröbel) 的哲学、苏珊艾萨克(Susan Issacs)的经验主义理论、维果茨基(Lev Vygotsky) 关于游戏和最近发展区理论、美国唐纳森 (Margayet Donaldson) 博士和德伟克 (Carol Dweck) 博士关于儿童对自己作为学习者的认识的观点、以及席尔瓦 (Kathy Sylva) 教授关于早期教育影响作用的研究观点。
It is worth noting that although the EYFS system draws on many advanced educational concepts, practices, and research，the system still has its own special features. Compared to Montessori’s education concept, the EYFS education system is more in line with the needs of modern and development. The scientific and authoritative of its education system has been widely recognised worldwide.
For example, EYFS clearly stated that teachers and parents should set toys and activities in the systematical and planned way so that children can achieve the corresponding learning objectives in the play and exploration practices.
In addition, EYFS distinguishes itself from other education systems from the emphasis in education and the positioning relationship of educators and children. EYFS believes that the value of communication far exceeds the value of imparting what is true and correct,especially for children - the relationship between educators and children should not be immature, not just protector and protectees. Instead, a kind of relationships based on true friendship should be formed. This kind of interpersonal relationship is characterised at Spontaneity, adventure and joy.
Activities and Facilities follow EYFS
According to the types of teaching tools, Montessoris teaching content is divided into five areas: daily life education, sensory education, language education, mathematics education, and natural humanity education. These five major areas are also used in the EYFS system.
According to the EYFS standard, children will gradually develop from graffiti to purposeful writing during 40-60 months. For example, they will write simple letters and draw simple figures. For this reason, in order to let children, especially boys aged 3-5, practice drawing skills, British nursery schools try to be physical in many methods.
For example, some schools will let their children use a broom to dip in water to write on the ground, or put a large piece of paper on the ground to let the children write on the ground so that their bodies will have greater movement. In addition, another skill that the child can use to write is fine movement of the fingers. The teachers of the British schools will recommend the children practice to wear beads and play with lego.
It is also an important part of the EYFS system to perceive the world . It focuses on humanity and the environment. Therefore, children can learn a lot of knowledge through playing and practice before primary school. For example, let the children learn garbage classification, throw the corresponding garbage into ordinary, recyclable, and compost waste storage place. Moreover, children can learn the environment of the insects, then they must find themselves in the bushes. The teacher will provide tools and ask your child not to injure insects.
In line with EYFS Early Learning System, Shanghai Yipai Kindergarten also created appropriate environments based on its own characteristics. It opens role playing areas, library and reading areas, music rooms, sensory rooms, indoor games and exploration areas. For natural exploration areas, it includes outdoor planting zone, aquaculture zone, music square, game zone, sand and water playing zone and forests for adventure.